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JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE
DIGITAL OBSERVATORY FOR PROTECTED AREAS Explorer 3.0

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Floods

Flood Events

Global Active Archive of Large Flood Events. - Source: Dartmouth Flood Observatory (DFO)


Flood hazard 100 year return period

Inundated areas for flood events with a return period of 100 years, based on GloFAS climatology. Permanent water bodies derived from the Global Lakes and Wetlands Database and from the Natural Earth lakes map (naturalearthdata.com).

  • Shallow (less than 1m)

  • Moderate (between 1 and 3 m)

  • Deep (between 3 and 10 m)

  • Very deep (permanent water)

Drought

Risk of Drought Impact

The indicator shows the risk of having impacts from a drought, by taking into account the exposure and socio-economic vulnerability of the area, with particular focus on the agricultural impacts. Formerly known as Likelihood of Drought Impact (LDI), it differs from the latter in that soil moisture anomaly is now included and updated every ten days (dekad). More at: http://edo.jrc.ec.europa.eu/gdo/php/index.php?id=2000

  • High

  • Medium

  • Low


See also the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) of last month.

  • -2.5

  • -2.0

  • -1.5

  • -1.0

  • -0.5

  • 0

  • -0.5

  • 1

  • 1.5

  • 2

  • 2.5

Fires

Active Fire Detection Layer

Active fires are located on the basis of the so-called thermal anomalies produced by them. The algorithms compare the temperature of a potential fire with the temperature of the land cover around it; if the difference in temperature is above a given threshold, the potential fire is confirmed as an active fire or "hot spot." Global Wildfire Information System (GWIS) uses the active fire detections provided by the NASA FIRMS (Fire Information for Resource Management System).

  • Last 1 Day

  • Last 7 Days

  • Last 90 Days



Coral Bleaching

Daily Coral Bleaching Heat Stress Alert Area

Level of stress of the Global Coral Reefs derived from NOAA Alerts Bleaching Alerts. More at: NOAA Website Please zoom out to see the layer

  • No Stress

  • Watch

  • Alert Level 1

  • Alert Level 2

Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly

Daily Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly

The NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW) twice-weekly 50-km Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Anomaly product displays the difference between today's SST and the long-term average. The scale goes from -5 to +5 °C. Positive numbers mean the temperature is warmer than average; negative means cooler than average. More at NOAA Website Please zoom out to see the layer

  • -5

  • -4

  • -3

  • -2

  • -1

  • 0

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

  • 5

Coral Reef Degree Heating Weeks

Coral Reef Degree Heating Weeks (3 months period)

The DHW shows how much heat stress has accumulated in an area over the past 12 weeks (3 months). In other words, NOAA add up the Coral Bleaching HotSpot values whenever the temperature exceeds the bleaching threshold. More at NOAA Website Please zoom out to see the layer

  • 0

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

  • 5

  • 6

  • 7

  • 8

  • 9

  • 10

  • 11

  • 12

  • 13

  • 14

  • 15

  • 16

  • 17

  • 18

  • 19

  • 20

Land Cover Change (1995 to 2015)
Natural / semi-natural land → Mosaic natural / managed land  
Natural / semi-natural land → Cultivated / managed land  
Natural / semi-natural land → Water / snow and ice  
Mosaic natural / managed land → Natural / semi-natural land  
Mosaic natural / managed land → Cultivated / managed land  
Mosaic natural / managed land → Water / snow and ice  
Cultivated / managed land → Natural / semi-natural land  
Cultivated / managed land → Mosaic natural / managed land  
Cultivated / managed land → Water / snow and ice  
Water / snow and ice → Natural / semi-natural land  
Water / snow and ice → Mosaic natural / managed land  
Water / snow and ice → Cultivated / managed land  
Global Soil Organic Carbon (GSOC) Map

0 Mg ha-1
200 Mg ha-1
The global soil organic carbon concentration map provides users with essential information on degraded areas and soil fertility as well as on the contribution to carbon storage mitigating climate change.


Land Fragmentation Layer

  • Core

  • Core Opening

  • Edge

  • Perforation

  • Islet

  • Margin



Select a Year


Land Productivity Layer

  • Persistent severe decline in productivity

  • Persistent moderate decline in productivity

  • Stable, but stressed

  • Perforation: Stable productivity

  • Persistent increase in productivity


IIASA-IFPRI Cropland Map 2005

0
100
The 1 km global IIASA-IFPRI cropland percentage map for the baseline year 2005 has been developed by integrating a number of individual cropland maps at global to regional to national scales. The individual map products include existing global land cover maps such as GlobCover 2005 and MODIS v.5, regional maps such as AFRICOVER and national maps from mapping agencies and other organizations.


Water Transitions (1984-2015)
Permanent  
New Permanent  
Lost Permanent  
Seasonal  
New Seasonal  
Lost Seasonal  
Seasonal to Permanent  
Permanent to Seasonal  
Ephemeral Permanent  
Ephemeral Seasonal  


The Water Transitions map documents changes in water state between the first year and the last year of observation. It documents:

  • New permanent water surfaces (i.e. conversion of a no water place into a permanent water place.)
  • Unchanging permanent water surfaces
  • Lost permanent water surfaces (i.e. conversion of a permanent water place into a no water place)
  • New seasonal water surfaces (i.e. conversion of a no water place into a seasonal water place)
  • Unchanging seasonal water surfaces
  • Lost seasonal water surfaces (i.e. conversion of a seasonal water place into a no water place)
  • Conversion of permanent water into seasonal water
  • Conversion of seasonal water into permanent water
  • Ephemeral permanent water (i.e. no water places replaced by permanent water that subsequently disappeared within the observation period)
  • Ephemeral seasonal water (i.e. no water places replaced by seasonal water that subsequently disappeared within the observation period)

Water Occurrence Change Intensity (1984-1999 to 2000-2015)
Decrease
No Change
Increase



The Water Occurrence Change Intensity product shows where surface water occurrence increased, decreased or remained invariant between 1984 and 2015. Both the direction of change (i.e. increase, decrease or no change) and its intensity are documented. The occurrence change accommodates for variations in data acquisition over time (i.e. temporal deepness and frequency density of the satellite observations) in order to provide a consistent occurrence change measurement.

Water Occurrence (1984-2015)
>0%
100%
Sometimes Water
Always Water



The Water Occurrence dataset shows where surface water occurred between 1984 and 2015 and provides information concerning overall water dynamics. This product captures both the intra and inter-annual variability and changes. The occurrence is a measurement of the water presence frequency (expressed as a percentage of the available observations over time actually identified as water). The provided occurrence accommodates for variations in data acquisition over time (i.e. temporal deepness and frequency density of the satellite observations) in order to provide a consistent characterization of the water dynamic over time.

GBIF species occurrence density

Low
High



Select a phylum from the animal or plant kingdom and filter by year


GHS Population Grid

0
500
Distribution and density of population, expressed as the number of people per km2


GHS Built-Up Grid

0
1
Built-up presence, values are expressed as decimals (Float) from 0 to 100


Forest Loss and Gain Layer

  • Forest Loss

  • Forest Gain



Forest loss/gain layer (2001-2016) as derived from a global remote sensing product based on Landsat data. See http://www.globalforestwatch.org/ for more details

The Global Roads Open Access Data Set, Version 1 (gROADSv1)

The data set combines the best available roads data by country into a global roads coverage, using the UN Spatial Data Infrastructure Transport (UNSDI-T) version 2 as a common data model. All country road networks have been joined topologically at the borders, and many countries have been edited for internal topology.


HAPPENING NOW

Fires

Active fire products from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) for the last 24 hours up to the last 90 days. Download shapefiles for the last 24 hours or for the last 7 days

Coral Bleaching Heat Stress Alert

Level of stress of the Global Coral Reefs derived from NOAA Alerts Bleaching Alerts. If you want to be warned when the heat stress rises to dangerous levels please subscribe here

Drought

The indicator shows the risk of having impacts from a drought, by taking into account the exposure and socio-economic vulnerability of the area, with particular focus on the agricultural impacts.

Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly

The NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW) twice-weekly 50-km Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Anomaly product displays the difference between today's SST and the long-term average. The scale goes from -5 to +5 °C.

Floods

Global historical and current flood events derived from news, governmental, instrumental, and remote sensing sources from the Dartmouth Flood Observatory and Flood hazard 100 year return period Layer from Global Flood Awareness System

Coral Reef Degree Heating Weeks

The DHW shows how much heat stress has accumulated in an area over the past 12 weeks (3 months).

Protected Area Profile

Protected Area WDPA ID Country Designation Designation Type Year IUCN Category Management Authority Reported Area (km2) Calculated Area (km2) Type
Yaw Al Dibsa 555625714 United Arab Emirates Protected Area National 2016 Not Reported Environment Agency Abu Dhabi (EAD) 212 211 0 784

Management category info

Ia Strict Nature Reserve: Category Ia are strictly protected areas set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological/geomorphical features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure protection of the conservation values. Such protected areas can serve as indispensable reference areas for scientific research and monitoring more... 

Ib Wilderness Area: Category Ib protected areas are usually large unmodified or slightly modified areas, retaining their natural character and influence without permanent or significant human habitation, which are protected and managed so as to preserve their natural condition. More...

II National Park: Category II protected areas are large natural or near natural areas set aside to protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species and ecosystems characteristic of the area, which also provide a foundation for environmentally and culturally compatible, spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational, and visitor opportunities. More...

III Natural Monument or Feature: Category III protected areas are set aside to protect a specific natural monument, which can be a landform, sea mount, submarine cavern, geological feature such as a cave or even a living feature such as an ancient grove. They are generally quite small protected areas and often have high visitor value. More...

IV Habitat/Species Management Area: Category IV protected areas aim to protect particular species or habitats and management reflects this priority. Many Category IV protected areas will need regular, active interventions to address the requirements of particular species or to maintain habitats, but this is not a requirement of the category. More...

V Protected Landscape/ Seascape: A protected area where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant, ecological, biological, cultural and scenic value: and where safeguarding the integrity of this interaction is vital to protecting and sustaining the area and its associated nature conservation and other values. More...

VI Protected area with sustainable use of natural resources: Category VI protected areas conserve ecosystems and habitats together with associated cultural values and traditional natural resource management systems. They are generally large, with most of the area in a natural condition, where a proportion is under sustainable natural resource management and where low-level non-industrial use of natural resources compatible with nature conservation is seen as one of the main aims of the area more... 

Get more info about management categories from the IUCN at https://www.iucn.org/theme/protected-areas/about/protected-area-categories

Protected area data diagnostic

The protected area diagnostic module checks differences between reported and calculated area and if the IUCN category is not reported.
Difference Reported Area (km2)
1.40
Difference Reported Area (%)
0.66
IUCN Category
Not Reported

Environment

Average climate

Climate statistics providing monthly rainfall averages (mm) for the terrestrial protected areas and monthly mean, maximum and minimum temperatures (C°) for the land and/or the sea surface of the protected area.
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Elevation profile

Virtual elevation profile of the protected area providing minimum, maximum, median, mean and standard deviation elevation values in meters.
Minimum (m) Median (m) Mean (m) Maximum (m) St Dev (m)

Graph

Habitat diversity profile

The habitat diversity of the protected area has been characterized by the number of distinct habitats for the terrestrial part, and by looking at the complexity of the bathymetry for the marine parts.
Marine Habitat Diversity Indicator
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services
Number of Segments Number of Terrestrial Habitat Segments
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services

Land cover change

Using three different aggregation levels, the land cover classes are provided for this protected area for the years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 in km2 and %. Click on the map symbol to visualize the land cover change between 1995 and 2015.


1995 2015
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 1995 - Level of Aggregation: 1
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 1995 - Level of Aggregation: 2
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 1995 - Level of Aggregation: 3
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2000 - Level of Aggregation: 1
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2000 - Level of Aggregation: 2
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2000 - Level of Aggregation: 3
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2005 - Level of Aggregation: 1
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2005 - Level of Aggregation: 2
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2005 - Level of Aggregation: 3
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2010 - Level of Aggregation: 1
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2010 - Level of Aggregation: 2
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2010 - Level of Aggregation: 3
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2015 - Level of Aggregation: 1
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2015 - Level of Aggregation: 2
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map
Land Cover Statistics - Year: 2015 - Level of Aggregation: 3
Land Cover Class % Covered Calculated Surface (km2) Color Map

Land fragmentation

Landscape pattern and fragmentation classes computed for the years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 inside the protected area.
Natural land pattern and fragmentation statistics (2015)
Core (km2) Core-opening (km2) Edge (km2) Perforation (km2) Islet (km2) Margin (km2)

Land degradation

Changes over 15 years (1999-2013) in the health and productive capacity of the land inside the protected area.
Persistent severe decline in productivity (km2) Persistent moderate decline in productivity (km2) Stable, but stressed; persistent strong inter-annual productivity variations (km2) Stable Productivity (km2) Persistent increase in productivity (km2)

Soil organic carbon

Protected area statistics for the amount of soil organic carbon (0-30 cm depth)
Min carbon stock (Mg/km2) Mean carbon stock (Mg/km2) Max carbon stock (Mg/km2) Total carbon stock (Pg)

Species

 Species list for protected area

The following species list is computed from the species ranges recorded in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
IUCN ID Scientific Name Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Status
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services

Species will not necessarily be present in the protected area. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is complete for some groups (mammals, birds, amphibians, sharks and rays, mangroves, seagrasses, cycads, conifers, and selected marine, freshwater and invertebrate taxa), but not complete for many others (e.g., reptiles). We therefore have generated our key species indicators for the globally assessed major taxonomic groups of birds, mammals, amphibians, warm-water reef-building corals and rays & sharks only. Species ranges are mapped as generalized polygons which often include areas of unsuitable habitat, and therefore species may not occur in all of the areas where they are mapped. In general, for range-restricted taxa, ranges are mapped with a higher degree of accuracy, sometimes down to the level of individual subpopulations, compared with more widely distributed species.
Threatened = species assessed in any of the three threatened Red List categories (Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable)
See http://www.iucnredlist.org/ for more details.

Species occurrences reported to the GBIF

Species occurrences map reported to the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).

Species are displayed as spatial layers made available from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) that derive from many sources, including everything from museum specimens collected in the 18th and 19th century to geotagged smartphone photos shared by amateur naturalists in recent days and weeks. This dataset may help you identifying information gaps and factors limiting the dissemination of biodiversity information that are recognized as priorities both at the political and scientific levels of the the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
GBIF.org (2018), GBIF Home Page. Available from https://www.gbif.org

Conservation

Ecoregions overlapping with the protected area

Marine and terrestrial ecoregions overlapping with the protected area.

Species numbers in protected area

The following species numbers are computed from the species ranges recorded in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Red List Category summary totals for this Protected Area
Class No. Species No. Threatened No. Critically Endangered No. Endangered No. Vulnerable No. Near-threatened No. Least concern No. Data deficient
RLTS Jun 2017, WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services

Species will not necessarily be present in the protected area. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is complete for some groups (mammals, birds, amphibians, sharks and rays, mangroves, seagrasses, cycads, conifers, and selected marine, freshwater and invertebrate taxa), but not complete for many others (e.g., reptiles). We therefore have generated our key species indicators for the globally assessed major taxonomic groups of birds, mammals, amphibians, warm-water reef-building corals and rays & sharks only. Species ranges are mapped as generalized polygons which often include areas of unsuitable habitat, and therefore species may not occur in all of the areas where they are mapped. In general, for range-restricted taxa, ranges are mapped with a higher degree of accuracy, sometimes down to the level of individual subpopulations, compared with more widely distributed species. See http://www.iucnredlist.org/ for more details.
Threatened = species assessed in any of the three threatened Red List categories (Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable)
See http://www.iucnredlist.org/ for more details.

PRESSURES

Agricultural pressure

Percentage of the surface of this protected area and of its 10 km unprotected buffer covered by cropland.
Protected Area 10 km Unprotected Buffer
Percentage Percentage
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services

Road pressure

Percentage of the surface of this protected area and of its 10 km unprotected buffer with presence of roads (roads have been buffered by 250 m to calculate this percentage).
Protected Area 10 km Unprotected Buffer
Percentage Percentage
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services

Population pressure

Population (2015) and population change (2000-2015) pressures for this protected area and its 10 km unprotected buffer.
Population (2015)
Protected Area 10 km Unprotected Buffer
People Density People Density
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services
Population Change (2000-2015)
Protected Area 10 km Unprotected Buffer
People/km2 Percentage People/km2 Percentage
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services

Built-up areas pressure

Surface of this protected area and of its 10 km unprotected buffer that is covered by constructions, expressed both as a built-up area (km2) and as a percentage.
Protected Area 10 km Unprotected Buffer
km2 Percentage km2 Percentage
WDPA 2018/07, © DOPA Services

Overview of normalised anthropogenic pressures

Country normalised pressure from population, built-up areas, roads and agriculture on this protected area and its surroundings. Click on the map symbol to add pressures layers.

Country ranking of protected areas by pressure

Pressure from Population, Built-up areas, Roads and Agriculture on this protected area compared to other protected areas (≥ 25 km2) in the country. Click on the map symbol to add pressures layers.

Inland surface water

Areas of permanent and seasonal surface inland water and their changes over time (1985 - 2015) are expressed in km2 and percentages.
Area (km2) of permanent surface water (2015) Area (km2) of seasonal inland water (2015) Net change (km2) of permanent surface water (2015 – 1985) Net change (km2) of seasonal inland water Net change (%) of permanent surface water (2015 – 1985) Net change (%) in surface area of seasonal inland water

Change in forest cover

Forest cover (2000), forest loss (2000-2015) and forest gain (2000-2012) statistics are expressed in km2 and percent of the country area. Maps with the location of the areas of forest gain and loss are also provided.
Forest cover (km2) Forest cover (%) Forest loss (km2) Forest loss (%) Forest gain (km2) Forest loss (%)

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